10 ключови аргументи за създаването на трансгранични клъстери

Constanta Maritime University, together with Varna Business Agency, develops the project Green Energy Cluster “Constanta-Dobrich”, MIS-ETC code 328. The project is co-financed by the European Union through the European Regional Development Fund, the Romania-Bulgaria Cross Border Cooperation Programme 2007-2013.

During the project a Cross Border Green Energy cluster „Constanta-Dobrich” will be established, which will be registered in Bulgaria and will have two centres, one in Kavarna and the other in Constanta. From the analysis of the best practices in the field have emerged 10 key arguments for the creation of cross border clusters.

First of all, a cross border cluster possesses the necessary means to minimize the information gap among the institutions existing in the region, in order to ensure a permanent and efficient information exchange.

At the same time, the cluster gathers experts from various fields of activity which helps create a sound network of skilled professionals for the benefit of all cluster members.

Thirdly, a cross border cluster allows a wide access to existing research capacities and research outcomes, since it includes universities, research and education centres from a certain region.

By establishing a cross border cluster one may foster political stability in the region and mitigate potential existing political conflicts.

Similarly, this type of cluster may harmonize strategies of social and economic development, starting from day-to-day challenges that local communities are facing.

The sixth key argument for the establishment of cross border clusters refers to the possibility of entering cooperation with the business sector, having in view the opening of new markets in a given field.

Furthermore, such a cluster may play a role in avoiding potential lockouts in the area, given the fact that oftentimes regions specialize in only a few key industries which are easily subjected to destabilisation when local policies change. 

The eighth key argument refers to the possibility to provide new services, sequel to the identification of new specializations in the region.

Another key argument points to the solving of the problems faced by local communities, which are seen as the real beneficiaries of the existing resources.

The tenth key argument refers to increasing the international recognition of the border area, which brings about a greater influence in the decision making process at international level.